El Ocote

El Ocote

Irregular Mysteries

The archaeological site of El Ocote, in Aguascalientes, is a living testimony of how sometimes the past does not reveal all its secrets immediately; particularly because the evidence obtained indicates that the Chichimecas were not the first settlers in the area, as was originally believed.

After extensive exploration work, several experts from the National Institute of Anthropology and History made great discoveries, changing the perspective on the prehispanic history of this place. It was thought that its use had been only seasonal and not settlement; it was unthinkable to believe that there had been more than wild tribes.

Ceramic residues, mud and shell necklaces, human bones, stone tools and some clothing items were the perfect evidence to affirm that this area had been the home of some pre-Hispanic groups. But, the most important thing to affirm its establishment were the evidences of architecture and organic materials like remains of corn; indicators of agricultural activity.

It is believed that these towns were commercially and culturally active and, in addition, managed good relations with other villages, such as those located in Guanajuato, San Luis Potosí, Jalisco and Zacatecas, since in those places ceramic remains were found with the same artistic style. .

In this hiding place it is indispensable to admire the most outstanding cave paintings of the hydrocálida province. These are distributed in a main section and four minors in one of the surfaces of the rock mass known as Cerro de los Tecuanes. Here, there are wavy figures interpreted as water, animals that indicate the existence of hunting, anthropomorphic drawings that speak of the inhabitants and many other traces that seem to exceed the sharpness of the researchers.

This great treasure caught the attention of several restorers, who are determined to work on their protection. To achieve this, they started with a first stage where different types of trees were planted, which together have the function of a natural barrier protecting dust, wind and other factors from this invaluable art.

Thanks to the worn tones of this pictorial art, the explorations suggest two different phases in its production, where the ones of light red were first elaborated, followed by those of intense red color.

The magic perceived by the people of this area was also forged at the top of the hill where, in addition to being discovered architectural ruins of ceremonies and houses, stand out the pyramid-shaped pedestals, which dominate the landscape nestled in the highest parts.

Another important feature of the place that caught the attention were the funerary patterns; Various human burials were discovered that were accompanied by offerings of materials such as turquoise and obsidian, which indicate social status and an exchange organization with other sites, such as what is now the southwestern United States and the Pacific coast. of a thousand years!

With each new discovery, it is inevitable to recognize the importance of continuing to research on any topic. If only in a decade illustrious progress was made, it is feasible that with the passage of time more relevant aspects of our past will come to light. In addition, although it is of small territory, this hydro-calid state has thousands of corners not yet explored in its entirety, especially in mountainous areas.

As if that were not enough, during your visit you will also be able to practice different aquatic and sports activities, framed in a landscape of cliffs and dreamlike thickets.

Many suggest that to live an extraordinary experience, where silence and mystery evoke the importance of our past, it is necessary to attend the route called Nocturnal World, in which, you visit this important place in the light of the moon. Definitely, unforgettable sensations.

¿Qué Saber?

What to Know?

  • The town of El Ocote is located 22 km southwest of the city of Aguascalientes, taking the road to Villa Hidalgo and then a detour to this town.
  • It was discovered in 1976 and protects traces of pre-Hispanic towns founded by the Chichimecas, Tecuexes and Caxcanes.
  • The entire area of ​​the El Ocote Valley with its mountains has an approximate area of ​​650 hectares.
  • Here you can practice hiking, camping, mountain biking. In addition, there are natural areas where you can practice rappelling and climbing.
  • It is believed that the cultures established in this region had a great organization in addition to important technological advances.
  • In 1982, cave paintings were discovered on one side of the hill of Los Tecuanes, with anthropomorphic and zoomorphic representations, made by a civilization dating from around 650-900 AD, before the Chichimecas.
  • In the 90s, architectural vestiges of the ceremonial and housing areas were discovered at the top of said hill; in addition, 16 human burials placed on one side and one infant in a seated position.
Galeria | El Ocote

Tour throug El Ocote with this photographs

El Ocote

Learn more about El Ocote’s history with this audio guide


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