Handicrafts of Aguascalientes

Useful Tradition

The unravelling and embroidery of Aguascalientes have reached world fame, because they are a clear example of the fine craftsmanship traditionally worked by the women of the state; his hands giving life to the cultural heritage of the state with every movement.

It should be noted that the unravelling and embroidery as practiced by the people of Aguascalientes are not techniques that can be learned in a few days. Knowledge has been passed on from generation to generation, from mothers to daughters; making it a matter of pride.

Among others, many articles are made with a focus on everyday use: blouses, tablecloths, napkins, bathing sets, tortilleros, robes, folders and, of course, traditional rebozos. These creations offer delicate ways of artistic and popular expression. Even today, handicrafts that had apparently been forgotten are being taken up, and support is being offered with the Integral Program for Craft Development.

For years, the craftsmanship of Aguascalientes has been identified around the clothing industry; through the various works of fraying and embroidery, but, of course, there are other aspects worthy of recognition, such as majolica pottery.

"La Mayólica" it is pottery work in glazed tin, through the products made by "geodes" stones, or the tiny pieces of wood that are integrated into large pieces, creating impressive designs. Some examples are the marquetry, the ceramics of plates and jugs, the polished or rough stone of molcajetes and metates ...

The details of "la mayólica" ceramics in Aguascalientes are painted by hand, this means that the figures are not uniform, but completely distorted, unique and whimsical, with motifs mainly of insects, flowers and fruits. The temperature at which the pieces are baked is less than that commonly used in ceramics, and they are painted on enamel, a process contrary to the traditional ceramic finish. This technique has been practiced since the mid-twentieth century.

With a strong historical roots and a baggage that grows daily, the craftsmanship of Aguascalientes is part of the identity of a state, pride of those who work it, and who acquire it.

¿Qué Visitar?

What to Visit?

  • "La Labor" town It is part of the municipality of Calvillo. In it you can oberver small groups of women unraveling and embroidering white fabrics at the doors of their houses. Also in Calvillo you can buy the well-known Guava sweets.
  • Arts and Crafts Center In here, any interested can learn to work with ceramics, textiles, blacksmithing or glass crafting in their workshops. The average age of the students oscilate around 40's.
  • The Streetcar in Downtown The locations of the tour tour include Catedral, Cultural Institute of Aguascalientes, Regional History Museum, Temple of Mercy, San Marcos district where the Fair and the bullring are located. It has an on-board guide.
  • El Chichimeco Hacienda It dates from 1770, belongs to the renowned Fermín Espinosa "Armillita" and his taurine family. The hacienda has a Bullfighting Museum that holds customs, trophies, phorograps and households belonging you can admire.
  • Science and Technology Museum If you visit Aguascalientes with children you cant not forget to visit this place. It has 4 different areas: Universe, Planet, Enviroment and Developing. The Imax dome is one of the most sophisticated screen for movie projection in the country.
¿Qué hacer?

What to do?

  • National Fair of San Marcos It is one of the most popular Mexican fairs. Of taurine tradition, has many more activities, especially cultural.
  • Aguascalientes Jazz Festival In addition to concerts workshops and conferences are given.
  • Pilgrimage of Our Lady of the Assumption On August 15, the party culminates with a grand gala pilgrimage in honor of the Virgin of the Assumption of Aguascalientes.
  • Festival of the Calaveras One of the most important around the Day of the Dead in our country. Adorned always by the "Catrina".
Comida Típica

Typical Food

  • Pozole with beef tongue.
  • Pocholas.
  • Aguascalientes chiles.
  • Pork rib in guava sauce.
  • Membrillate (Quince sweet) and guava sweets.
¿Qué Saber?

What to Know?

  • Our Lady of the Assumption of the Aguascalientes was the name that was given in 1575 to the town where the springs abounded, of the then called province of Nueva Galicia. It was home to travelers on the Ruta de la Plata and railway workshop.
  • Natural springs still sprout up around the capital of Aguascalientes as well as in nearby regions. The water that emerges from them, besides irrigating the crops, has served to build health resorts, most of them with healing properties.
  • Aguascalientes was built around the Plaza de la Patria, with four main neighborhoods: Guadalupe, San Marcos, El Encino or La Triana and La Estación. At present, this square is the nucleus of the city and where the main buildings are located.
  • The famous Catrina by José Guadalupe Posada is a skull wearing a French feather hat, in allusion to Mexicans who aspired to be Europeans, thus denying their origins.
  • The San Marcos Fair and the Calaveras Cultural Festival celebrate José Guadalupe Posada, who was born in the neighborhood where such festivities are celebrated.
  • The gastronomy of Aguascalientes is largely recipes from travelers from other lands such as Mexico, Queretaro, Guanajuato, Jalisco, San Luis Potosi, Zacatecas, Durango, Chihuahua; enriched with local ingredients.
  • The neighborhood of San Marcos was initially populated by indigenous Tlaxcalans and founded in 1604. The temple of San Marcos houses in the sacristy the beautiful painting entitled "The Adoration of the Kings of the Child Jesus", made in the 18th century by the painter José de Alcíbar.
Artesanías de Aguascalientes

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Handicrafts of Aguascalientes

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