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Real de Asientos

Mines, painting and sports

In the neighborhoods of the Hill of Altamira was founded in 1548 this town; whose mines, rich in the production of gold, silver, copper and zinc, represented a treasure that permanently fed the coffers of the Spanish crown.

Don Diego de Ibarra was the first owner of the area and, in the middle of the semidesert landscape, depopulated and surrounded by cacti, was given the task of exploiting the rich subsoil. The extracted minerals and the profit obtained from them allowed this place to develop over a period of a century and a half, not only as a place of production mines, but as a place rich in architecture and art.

Part of the original name of the town, "Real Minero de Nuestra Señora de Belén de los Asientos de los Ibarra", is due to the devotion and wonder that the Parish of Our Lady of Bethlehem represents; place in which in addition to appreciating the temple itself, you can know its tunnels, which are underground aqueducts, an incredible work of engineering of the eighteenth century, created to protect the structure of water leaks.

If the desire is to be surprised, there is no way to approach the articulated Christ made with human remains, such as the skull, teeth and ribs of people who lived in the seventeenth century.

The Cemetery of Guadalupe is the oldest in the state of Aguascalientes, here lie the remains of the first settlers and the theme related to death itself is expressed in its murals.

Another obligatory walk is the train route of "Los Piojitos", where you will experience the history of slavery in the "Galerón de los Esclavos", and you can travel the old route used to move the minerals along the royal road to San Gil; know the Miner's Square, the Cerrito de los Flojos and the Living Museum of Plants, also known as the Museum of the Cacti.

Visiting Real de Asientos is an enriching experience, where the imagination allows to feel the contrasts of landowners and slaves, of monks and bandits, of gambusinos and miners; in a frame of quarry, minerals, works of art and the living spectacle of a semi-desert zone that emerges before the astonishment of those who stop to observe.

¿Qué Visitar?

What to Visit?

  • Temple of Our Lady of Bethlehem Located in front of the Main Garden. Right there is the:
  • Pinacoteca With an extensive collection of viceregal art.
  • Tunnels of the 18th century That are under the temple of Our Lady of Bethlehem.
  • Living Museum of Cactaceae Located in front of the House of Culture. 60 types of cacti are exhibited, some with flowers of exquisite beauty. You have to make an appointment, because it is not always open.
  • Tepozán Museum Franciscan monastery of the seventeenth century. In the temple there are high quality frescoes, while the museum exhibits paintings, altarpieces, relics, native instruments and there is a room dedicated to slaves.
  • Camino Real de Tierra Adentro Route that connected Mexico City with the north during the Colony, and that today is a World Heritage Site.
  • "El Tiro del Coyote" One of the first mines in the region, and there is also the gallery of African slaves who were brought to work the mines in the late sixteenth century.
  • The Piojito Tourist train made up of small wagons pulled by a tractor that in its route shows the main attractions of the area.
¿Qué hacer?

What to do?

  • Festivities of Our Lady of Bethlehem They are celebrated in January with masses and processions along the town streets.
  • Festivities of the Lord of Tepozán July is celebrated with popular festivals and religious activities.
  • Miner's Day Every July 11 the Main square fills up with cultural activities.
Comida Típica

Typical Food

  • Carnitas. Fried pork meat.
  • Rabbit. Cooked Chichimeca style.
  • Stallholder Gorditas.
  • Guava and Milk sweets.
  • Guavas and Tunas. It is said that they are the juiciest in the country.
¿Qué Saber?

What to Know?

  • Real de Asientos was declared as a villa in 1713.
  • It has had three previous names, which are: Real of Mines, Our Lady of Mercy and Our Lady of Bethlehem of the Seats of Ibarra.
  • Illustrious people Agustín Mejía. Miner and mestizo from San Luis Potosí, he discovered the mine that brought wealth to Real de Asientos, "La Descubridora".

Popular Craft

  • Traditional clay pottery. It can be seen in pitchers, pots, pots, vases and ashtrays.
  • Works in pink quarry.
Real de Asientos

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Real de Asientos

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