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Spelunking in Chiapas

THE CENTER OF THE EARTH

The territory that includes the state of Chiapas is one of the largest and most important in the underground landscape of all of Mexico. In addition, the exuberant jungle in which most of these places are located makes this experience something unique.

It emphasizes especially a very peculiar type of these landscapes, the abysses. They are also known as, basements, holes, chasms, pits or wells, and are characterized, among other things, because in their interior they protect an exuberant jungle vegetation.

In El Chorreadero, about 24 km south of Tuxtla Gutiérrez, and about 10 minutes from the town of Chiapa de Corzo, an underground river emerges from a cave, which falls in the form of a waterfall in the middle of the vegetation. The force of the water forms a series of natural pools surrounded by deciduous vegetation that climbs the calcareous walls of the mountains in search of sunlight.

This is the gateway to one of the most well-known caves in Chiapas. You can climb inside the grotto without special equipment, to see the internal waterfall and the beginning of "La Grieta", the name given to the cave that houses two tunnels that lead to El Escopetazo river. The largest of these is more than 3 km in length, and represent a challenge for caving enthusiasts for their various stone formations.

The Trench of the Parrots has an interior jungle with trees up to 30 meters high. It reaches a depth of 92 meters in free fall and its mouth has a diameter of 145 meters. Another peculiarity of this abyss is that in its trajectory of descent you can observe various cave paintings that are located, inexplicably, in places of very difficult access. This is the only case recorded so far on the inner walls of an abyss.

The Caverns of Guaymas are a spectacular set of caverns with incredible formations and galleries full of strange figures created by stalactites and stalagmites of more than 30 meters high!

Following a tour of the state you will go to the San Cristóbal Caves, in the municipality of San Cristóbal de las Casas. Surrounded by a beautiful forest of pines up to 45 meters high, they are part of the mountainous region. These caves have a good number of tunnels and halls that reach several kilometers in length, although they have not yet been fully explored.

Currently it is possible to visit a small part of its main tunnel, about 550 meters deep, where mineral formations are observed caused by the constant runoff and water seepage through the walls of the rock.

Another must-see for passionate and neophytes in spelunking is the Sótano de la Lucha, which was formed thousands of years ago when the roof of a gigantic underground room, where a river passed, collapsed and collapsed; giving rise to one of the most beautiful abysses in Mexico.

It has a depth of 240 meters and a mouth of 250 meters in diameter. From a cave 650 meters long, through which you can enter the basement, you will reach the interior. Once there, we can observe the spectacular almost circular perimeter of the abyss and the light that allows to enter, as well as the space lends itself to the incredible experience of camping, allowing you to imagine being in a different time, in a unique place in the whole world and part of an enigmatic and impressive underground system that you will only find here in Chiapas.

Espeleología en Chiapas

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Espeleología en Chiapas

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