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City of Guanajuato

CRADLE OF INDEPENDENCE CRY

Guanajuato, Cultural Patrimony of the Humanity, Cervantina Capital of America and Ibero-American cradle of the Quijote enters the iconography of the cities like Venice and Toledo; centers of inexhaustible aesthetic emotion, sources of invaluable and permanent spiritual elevation.

Here, the birth of the day finds us the way of the old minerals; It is preferable to do the tour on foot, following the lines of old bridle paths and raising small dust.

Around the tourism a quiet, but pulsating life is perceived: the housewives open their balconies to greet the sun, the air and the neighborhood that quietly stir in their interiors; the streets are swept by stooping old ladies; the students run for the exam, and the first stores open their locks, open their timbers and the churches receive their parishioners.

A great place to start the tours through Guanajuato is the main artery. The alleys that climb the hills start in a vertiginous ascent; each corner offers a new spectacle; leaving the Juarez theater, its Tuscan porticoes, its sculptures of antimony, its foyers belle epoque and its Moorish hall, the street of Sopeña empties into the Plaza de San Francisco - more a street extension than a square configured as such - in which the Interesting churrigueresca facade of the temple of the same name and the disconcerting proportions of the chapel of the holy house.

A city with vertiginous levels, hanging gardens, unexpected streets, narrow streets and tiny alleys, Guanajuato is crowded and fragmented in the maximum use of minimal space.

Among so many things that contemplate our attention is diverted, from the magic of theaters, as the prestigious Cervantino Festival that comes out of them and takes the stage as the street, to the human spectacle that advances us or crosses us on the way, the estudiantinas.

From the kiosks the music of municipal bands radiates in marches and parades, the youth travels around, to participate in alleyways, auditions and serenades, while the old ones contemplate the walk from the Porfirian metal benches of the periphery, or from the tables of the cafes or the casino, this is the living heart of the city, the center of all the appointments and the focus from which all the news, the place of the obligatory encounter, under the dormant laurels.

Guanajuato offers many things to visitors, come to Plaza de la Paz; the old Government Palace Palacio de Casa Rul, classic Guanajuato architecture, the noblest houses are grouped in this huge triangular space. To the Basilica with its facade of disparate towers of two centuries, and a beautiful altarpiece in the tabernacle and on the high altar the valuable image of Our Lady of Santa Fe de Guanajuato.

The capital of this Mexican state is historic and popular thanks to its labyrinth of streets, squares, alleys and unforeseen perspectives that you will want to travel once and for all.

¿Qué Visitar?

What to Visit?

  • Main Square Inaugurated on October 27th, 1903, by President Porfirio Diaz, this square has a semi triangular form, and it is surrounded by some of the most beautiful buildings of the town.
  • Congress Built in 1753, this colonial building features a neoclassical style.
  • Basilica of Our Lady of Guanajuato Built between 1671 and 1696, in its interior you can admire the old statue of the Saint Patroness of this town.
  • Juarez Theater Built between 1872 and 1903, it is considered one of the most beautiful theaters in whole Mexico.
  • Callejón del Beso (Alley of the Kiss) This narrowed alley has originated numerous legends and traditions that are told to the many couples that visit every day.
  • Hidalgo Market Ideal place to try some of the local delicious dishes, and also to acquire the most representative candies and handicrafts of this region.
  • Diego Rivera’s House Museum Here you can admire more than 100 original belongings of this worldwide famous painter and muralist.
  • Mummies Museum In 1865, more than 100 mummified corpses were found in a nearby cemetery, and now all of them are displayed in this unique museum.
¿Qué hacer?

What to do?

  • Cervantino International Festival It takes place in late October to honor the famous Spanish writer Miguel de Cervantes, and it has become the most well-known cultural event of Mexico in the whole world. There are many cultural and artistic events and activities in theaters, forums and even in the streets.
  • Expresión en Corto (Expression in short) Organized every summer in this city and also in the nearby locality of San Miguel Allende, this movie festival shows the most representative short movies made recently.
  • Holy Friday Altars with offering and candles are installed in homes and mines to honor this Virgin who mourns the death of his son Jesus Christ before Easter Sunday.
  • Festivities of Saint John It takes place on June 24th each year, and it consists of a popular verbena that is organized in the shores of the Olla Dam. On July 1st, the floodgates are opened to clean the river that crosses the town.
  • The Alhóndiga de Granaditas (Ancient Corn Exchange Facility) On September 28th, the whole city celebrates this important event of the Independence War with a military and civic parade.
  • Candies Fair It takes place from late October to early November. Many figurines and candies are elaborated mainly with sugar, and because the Day of the Dead is also celebrated in this week, the skulls and skeletons are the most common sweet figurines that you can enjoy then.
Comida Típica

Typical Food

  • Mole Sauce. Delicious sauce prepared with different kinds of chili, peanuts and, even, chocolate. This unique sauce is served on top of rice and chicken or turkey meat.
  • Enchiladas. This delicious dish consists of tortillas fried in hot sauce stuffed with meat or vegetables, and served with lettuce, tomatoes, onions, sour cream, cheese on top of them, and with a piece of fried chicken as accompaniment.
  • Cecina. Roasted jerky beef usually served with salad, beans and rice.
  • Tamales. Corn dough mixed with lard, and stuffed with pork meat or other kind of meat in a spicy green or red sauce, and finally wrapped up with corn leaves to be steamed. Don´t read it, just try it!
  • Tlacoyos. Thick corn tortillas with oval and extended form that are mixed with beans or broad beans in its dough, and they are served with hot sauce, onions and beef on top of them.
  • Chiles Rellenos. A kind of green peppers stuffed with cheese or meat and coated with egg whites and flour. They use to be served with spicy sauce, cream and rice.
¿Qué Saber?

What to Know?

  • This region was originally inhabited by the pre-Hispanic Otomi tribe.
  • The word Guanajuato comes from the Purepecha word "Quanaxhuato," which means "Mountainous Place full of frogs," or "Place full of hills."
  • On January 19th, 1858, this town was declared provisional capital city of the Republic by President Benito Juarez.
  • In 1988, Guanajuato was declared Cultural Heritage of Mankind by the UNESCO.
  • Renowned Individuals:
  • Santos Degollado (1811 – 1861). Politician and Military strategist.
  • Diego Rivera (1886 – 1957). Painter and muralist.
  • Jorge Negrete (1911 – 1953). Singer and actor of the Mexican Golden Movie Era.

Popular Craft

  • Ornaments made of crystalized minerals and rocks
  • Jewelry
  • Handicrafts of carved limestone
Galería - Ciudad de Guanajuato

Admire the architectural beauty of Guanajuato with this photos

Gallery
Centro Histórico de Ciudad de Guanajuato

Tour trhough Guanajuato Downtown with the photospot

Photo 360
Ciudad de Guanajuato

Learn more about the life in Guanajuato with our audio guide

Audiospot

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