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Known as Cocomacán in the pre-Hispanic era, which means "place where turtledoves are hunted," the current city of Dolores Hidalgo is considered "the heart of Mexico" and cradle of National Independence, as the atrium of his parish was witness to the famous Cry of Dolores and the bell of his tower that issued the call.
The Parroquia de Nuestra Señora de los Dolores is the largest church in the city and a great example of the Mexican Baroque-Churrigueresque style. In it, the president of Mexico gives the cry for independence at least once a year.
The house of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla is a museum in which his furniture and several important documents are preserved. The site where Hidalgo imprisoned the Spaniards at the beginning of the struggle is now the Museum of National Independence, which displays documents from the period of the war of independence, sculptures and frescoes.
Bicentennial Museum is how since 2010 we know the house of Mariano Abasolo, who together with Hidalgo and Allende was a witness in the rebellion against the Spanish, and is in front of the main garden and next to the Parish of Our Lady of Sorrows.
Of course, there are other places of interest such as the Temple of the Third Order, which dates from 1755 and is the second oldest religious building after the parish.
Also worthy of mention are: the Temple of Our Lady of Solitude built between 1875 and 1896, the Parish of Our Lady of the Assumption of 1875, the temple of Our Lord of the Llanito of 1778, in which Don Miguel Hidalgo officiated several masses and that has a decoration based on tempera murals.
Dolores Hidalgo also saw the birth of one of the most recognized and admired Mexican singer-songwriters of the 20th century: José Alfredo Jiménez, the most outstanding representative of the ranchera song. Each year, on its sad anniversary, on November 23, it is paid homage during the International Festival that bears his name.
Another attraction that makes this place unique is the artisanal ice cream of the most unusual flavors, such as beer, shrimp, tequila, cactus, avocado, roses or chili.
For this and for all that this magical city offers, Dolores Hidalgo has become a fundamental piece of the puzzle called Mexico.
What to Visit?
- Parish of Our Lady of Dolours This eighteenth century church is considered a national monument because the priest Miguel Hidalgo initiated right here, in 1810, the Independence War.
- Jose Alfredo Jimenez House Museum Through these ten well documented halls, you will know the different periods of the life of this great Mexican composer.
- Curacy of Dolores Historic Museum In 1863, president Benito Juarez declared this building a national monument, since the priest Miguel Hidalgo lived and planned here the Independence War. This is why it is also known as Hidalgo’s House.
- Bicentenary Museum
- Temple of Our Lady of Solitude It was built between 1875 and 1896.
What to do?
- Festivity of Our Lady of Solitude This is celebrated the last Sunday of May with religious processions, dances, fireworks and lots of food in the street markets.
- Day of the National Independence This is the most important festivity in the town, and it is celebrated with the typical Grito (Call) that is performed on the night of September 15th, when the mayor repeats the words of Miguel Hidalgo before the crowd.
- Barbacoa. Roasted beef served with its juice or broth, which is called "consome."
- Roast beef. It is served with a chile relleno, which is a chili filled with cheese.
- Aztec Soup. A delicious dish prepared with fried pieces of tortilla in a spicy broth, and with cream and avocado on top of it.
- Ice cream of different flavors. As many as it gets –honey, cactus fruit, beer, shrimp, you name it!
What to Know?
- In pre-Hispanic times, this region was known as "Cocomacan," which means in nahuatl language "place where turtledoves are hunted."
- On September 16th, 1810, the priest Miguel Hidalgo initiated the Independence War against the Spanish Crown when he rang the church bell of the Parish of Our Lady of Dolours to congregate the people in its atrium.
- Its category of town was confirmed on May 21st, 1824.
- Renowned Individuals:
- Jose Alfredo Jiménez. (1926 – 1973). Singer and composer of many of the most famous ranchero songs in Mexico.
- Virginia Soto Rodriguez. (1928 – 1986). She was the first woman that became a mayor in the state of Guanajuato.
- Wooden furniture
- Parish of Dolores Hidalgo - Author: AlejandroLinaresGarcia
- Casa de visitas - Author: Juan Carlos Fonseca Mata
- Fachada de Iglesia Antigua de San Gabriel - Author: Mi San Gabriel
- Industria Ceramica en Dolores Hidalgo - Author: Mi San Gabriel
- Plaza y parroquia de Dolores Hidalgo - Author: Slevinr
- Templo de Nuestra Señora de la Saleta - Author: Travelerosmx
Visit the Magical Town of Dolores Hidalgo with this photosGallery
Lean about Dolores Hidalgo's history with our audio guideAudiospot
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