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Tula

VESTIGES OF THE MESOAMERICAN GLORY

The first description that was made of Tula as an archaeological zone was in 1873, made by Antonio García Cubas, member of the Mexican Society of Geography and History.

However, the first archaeological explorations were made in the 1880s by the French antiquarian Désiré Charnay, who published his book "Les anciennes villes du Noveau Monde", where he illustrates and describes some buildings and monuments of the ancient Toltec capital.

It was Charnay himself who, after his explorations through the Mexican Republic, proposed a relationship between Tula and Chichén Itzá. An idea that has given way to scientific speculations, urban and extraterrestrial legends, but without being demonstrated convincingly. In the archaeological aspect, the coincidences between the Mayan culture of Chichén Itzá and those of the Toltec culture in Tula are undeniable.

The difficulties to determine it no doubt stem from the fact that there is no clear evidence to define if it is only a cultural proximity because of common roots or strong historical relationships, and perhaps even linguistic, in the complicated circumstances of the change between the Classic and the Postclassic.

It was not until 1940 that the most important exploration project began, led by Jorge Acosta of the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH). For twenty years the remains of the most important temples and palaces of Tula were discovered, among them: the Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli Temple, the "C" Pyramid, the Quemado Palace, the Coatepantli (wall of snakes), the number one ball game and a building known as "El Corral", in the area called Tula Chico.

Currently, the archaeological zone is part of the Tula National Park. Among the many wonders offered The Atlanteans: It is said that these giants, almost five meters high and carved in basaltic stone, held the roof of the shrine dedicated to Quetzalcoatl, and is believed to symbolize his army.

These are four representations of Toltec warriors, dressed in a butterfly breastpiece, atlatl, darts, a flint knife and a curved weapon. The Pilasters, located one behind each of the Atlanteans, contain representations that seem allusive to the confrontation between Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca, his eternal rival according to Nahuatl mythology.

On the other hand, the Quemado Palace is the maximum expression of Toltec art. In the stone engravings the Toltec chiefs are illustrated with necklaces and bracelets in their hands and ankles. The remains show obvious damage from a fire. Recent studies indicate that most of the administrative buildings, such as temples, neighborhood temples and council areas, were set on fire as part of a ceremony - term ritual.

The Serpent Wall is a construction decorated with battlements in the shape of a snail; represents the resurrection of Quetzalcoatl every morning. While there is also a large ball game that has a great resemblance to the Chichen Itza court.

The INAH opened to the side of the Archaeological Zone The Jorge R. Acosta Museum, which shows all the splendor of the Toltec Culture. As an example, one of the figures of the god Chac-Mool found in Tula is on display, very similar to those of Teotihuacán, Chichen Itzá and Xochiacalco.

Tula is the place of dreams, a sign of the greatness and power of Mesoamerican civilizations. The gods walk, even now, accompanying those who visit, manifesting themselves in every place, in every piece and altarpiece. Always mystical and enigmatic ... Tula stands proud as the place where the gods clashed just for having the Toltec heart.

Tula

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