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Ceramics of Tlaquepaque

THE VOICE OF THE EARTH

Ceramic is one of the first artistic manifestations of the human being. For proof, we only have to think about the vestiges that we keep as humanity: an African jug, a Persian dish, a Babylonian sculpture ... all these are a testimony that we live in other eras. That is the relevance of ceramics.

Practically all the nations of the planet conserve, or have had, ceramic pieces from their ancestors. Some were used as utensils for everyday life, but others began to have an aesthetic and decorative intention. In the specific case of Jalisco, this tradition has been established as a trade, an economic activity and a deep cultural element in two places: Tlaquepaque and Tonalá.

The history of the ceramic of Jalisco is as long as it is the span that takes us to its first settlers. The pre-Columbian cultures of the area worked with clay, and with it they built utensils for daily life. They already made a type of ceramic now known as polychrome, however, it did not last long to have a single brew.

At the arrival of the Spanish Franciscan missionaries, the artisan miscegenation took place. The Europeans incorporated the greta and lathe techniques into indigenous techniques, in order to create more symmetrical and resistant objects.

Soon, the Europeans discovered something ... the clay of these lands was very special. In particular those of the town which is now known as El Rosario. It was so fine, it slipped through your fingers when you lifted it.

This detail, together with the natural and extraordinary talent of the inhabitants and the techniques of European instructors that were concentrated in the area, led to the consolidation of the techniques with which beautiful works are manufactured to this day in Tonalá and Tlaquepaque.

With time and due to the incursion and influence of some artists from all over the world, who came to know the works of the local artisans, the ceramic art reached an extraordinary specialization and was transmitted from one generation to another.

Some of the works made by local hands, are preserved in museum cabinets and valuable art collections from many cities around the world.

Current techniques are many and constantly updated, but among the most representative are those of cinnamon, burnished, petatillo, opaque, black and betus.

Glazed pottery and, of course, the scent mud, characteristic of the region and used mainly in the production of pitchers for water, also stand out. It is named for the smell that permeates the water, modifying its taste in an unmistakable way.

There is no limit to the works of the artisans of Tlaquepaque and Tonalá. In your tianguis, markets, stores and galleries, you will find a world interpreted through ceramics.

Sculptures, kitchen utensils and baths, sumptuary works, lamps, figures of birth, glasses, catrinas, mosaics, plates, stills, decorative plates, vases, vases, fruit trees, statues, trees and even vines, occupy the artisan universe of their houses , squares and streets.

The ceramic tradition of Tlaquepaque and Tonalá is a factory of wonders that has traveled in time and a standard of culture of the state of Jalisco.

Ceramics of Talquepaque

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Ceramics of Tlaquepaque

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