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It is known, thanks to the pieces of clay that have been found, that the first inhabitants of this town were the Olmecs, and that later it was invaded by Xochimilco tribes, who spread to the other side of the mountain to grow cotton, corn, wood and paper, in the fertile valley of Amilpas.
In the Aztec era, Tlayacapan was a mandatory step between the great Tenochtitlan and the southern regions. The natives of the town were those who most resisted Hernán Cortés during the conquest.
When you turn each corner, surprise yourself with the buildings left by the Spaniards. Decorated facades, beautiful cattails: they built one in each place where there was a teocali, ceremonial center of the native town.
Let your walk take you to a colonial building that covers a whole block. A sign that says "La Cerería" Cultural Center will invite you to visit. Inside, a museum. Learn the history and traditions of Tlayacapan, in that old candle factory where everyone was supplied since the seventeenth century.
Do not forget the most imposing building in Tlayacapan: the former convent of San Juan Bautista. Stand in front of its open chapel, admire its sixteenth-century frescoes, its courtyard, its paintings, the immense nave of its church. Discover the mummies of Spanish children from three centuries ago, a fascinating experience.
Talking about this Magical Town makes it inevitable to mention one of the best and oldest bands in Mexico, the Tlayacapan Band, created in 1870 and which had the honor of accompanying Emiliano Zapata during the Revolution.
If you have a craving, and you'll have it, we recommend the green pip mole, accompanied with tamales of salt, charales and white beans. If you prefer, there is red pip mole, turkey mole and bean and bean tlacoyos.
Then, listen to the artisans of the place talking about the Potter's Museum in the chapel of the Nativity, the nearby pottery factory and the National Mud Fair.
Feel, everywhere in Tlayacapan, the mysticism of an amazing people, full of stories and rich in traditions. Feel the well-being and serenity of generous and friendly people. Consider also staying a little longer, just a little ...
What to Visit?
- Saint John the Baptist Ex Monastery Catalogued as Cultural Heritage of Mankind by UNESCO, this religious building forms part of the so called Rout of the Convents.
- Tlayacapan Museum Here you can admire many historic objects, some of them really curious, such as the four mummies found during the restoration of the local monastery.
- Chapels In the sixteenth century, Tlayacapan counted 26 chapels in total. From those, there are still 18 in good conditions, and the ones of Saint Martin, Saint Agustin and Saint Andrew are especially remarkable.
- Waxen Cultural Center Built in the sixteen century, this building functioned in the colonial times as a candles factory.
- Town Hall Built in the sixteenth century, this municipal palace is the oldest on in whole Mexico.
What to do?
- Tlayacapan Carnival It begins the weekend before Lent. As any carnival, this one includes traditional dances and music, but this one has the particularity of the folk dance known as "Brinco del Chinelo."
- Festivities of Saint John the Baptist The take place on June 22nd – 24th each year.
- Mole sauce Delicious sauce prepared with different kinds of chili, peanuts and, even, chocolate. This unique sauce is served on top of rice and chicken or turkey meat.
- Tamales Corn dough mixed with lard, and stuffed with pork meat or other kind of meat in a spicy green or red sauce, and finally wrapped up with corn leaves or banana leaves to be steamed. Don´t read it, just try it!
- Tlacoyos Thick corn tortillas with oval and extended form that are mixed with beans or broad beans in its dough, and they are served with hot sauce, onions and beef on top of them.
- Baked fruits They are accompanied with ice cream of different flavors.
What to Know?
- Tepoztlan is a composed Nahuatl word that means "Place where copper is abundant."
- According to the tradition, the Tepozteco Pyramid was built in 1150 AD; however, some glyphs written on headstones discovered recently show the year 1502 as the construction date.
- Until 1958 this county seat was powered with electricity.
- Carved wood
- Cast - Spanish
- Cast - English
- Author: AlejandroLinaresGarcia Capilla Santiago
- Author: Gunnar Wolf Atrio y fachada del Ex Convento de San Juan Bautista
- Author: Gunnar Wolf Entrada al museo del Ex Convento de San Juan Bautista
- Author: AlejandroLinaresGarcia Cerro Sombrerito as seen from the atrium of the monastery
- Author: Airvillanueva Tlayacapan
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