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Monte Alban

A SACRED VISIT

Monte Albán was, in its heyday, the main ceremonial city of the Zapotec culture and one of the most important in the whole continent ...

It is believed that Monte Alban was named in the sixteenth century, in honor of the Spanish landowner surnamed "Montalván". Previously, it was known as mistela "Sahandevul", which means "At the Foot of Heaven". There are other variations of the same name, derived from the old Zapotec language, such as "Danibaan" or "Sacred Mountain".

The Zapotecs were established and Monte Albán became the most important city in the region, sharing time and glory with Teotihuacán and the Mayan cities. There are masks and sculptures that reflect the contact that the Zapotecs had with the Mayan people, and it is said that some architectural ideas were taken directly from Teotihuacán.

It is considered that, around the 9th century, the Zapotecs left Monte Albán at the time that the Mixtecs expanded their territory, so they reoccupied the city and used it as a cemetery for the elite.

Touring Monte Albán is a delight for lovers of architecture and indigenous culture. The Great Plaza measures 200 meters long by 200 meters wide; On your left is the Ball Game, delimited by two structures on the sides between the sculptures of the place is one that represents a grasshopper.

The Danzantes is a building of three bodies with walls covered with tombstones sculpted with representations of human figures in very strange positions, and with characteristic physical characteristics of Olmec sculpture.

The Palace, another of the places that we recommend you to visit, is a structure composed of two bodies, with a central stairway. In the upper part there are 13 rooms around a patio.

One of the most important archaeological discoveries of the twentieth century was the so-called "Tomb Number Seven" by the Mexican archaeologist Dr. Alfonso Caso, who found a burial with a rich amount of offerings, masks, precious metal objects, including pecs of gold in filigree between those that were those of the God of the Death and of the God of the Sun. In addition, unique pieces like skulls sculpted in crystal of rock, carvings in bone, turquoise masks, ceramics and jewelery.

One of the greatest recognitions granted to Monte Albán was the official appointment as Cultural Heritage of Humanity, which UNESCO gave in 1987.

Monte Alban is magical and mysterious, inheritance of a town that came from the gods, inhabitants of the clouds, who like them, when the wind blew, disappeared from the sacred mountain that was their home to give us a testimony of their civilization and culture, recognized in Mesoamerica and the world as one of the most imposing that ever existed.

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