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City of Oaxaca

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There are cities that are seen, admired or recognized. Oaxaca is a city that also tastes, that makes the senses are filled with images, music, flavors, contrasts and culture. Oaxaca catches, sometimes forever. Many foreign travelers have decided to stay and live in it, surrendered to its beauty and its mysteries.

¿Qué Visitar?

What to Visit?

  • Main Square Also known as "Zócalo" or "Constitution Square", it is surrounded by colonial buildings and mansions, where there are plenty coffee shops and stores under its arched covered hallways.
  • Temple of Santo Domingo Built in the late sixteenth century, this temple is composed by ten chapels which are decorated with 24 beautiful paintings.
  • Contemporary Art Museum (MACO) Housed in a mansion from the seventeenth century, this museum was inaugurated in 1992 and it features permanent and itinerant exhibitions.
  • Macedonio Alcalá Walkway When walking along this traditional area, you can admire small squares, parishes, museums and stores where you can acquire typical handicrafts.
  • 20 de Noviembre Market Named after the Mexican Revolution Day, this building was the former Monastery of San Juan de Dios, while the actual market was finished in 1882. It happens to be an ideal place to acquire typical handicrafts, and also to try de delicious local gastronomy.
  • San Agustín Cultural Center Founded in 2006, it is considered the first ecological cultural center in Latin America. In fact, this institution promotes the artistic initiation and features halls where temporary exhibitions are displayed.
¿Qué hacer?

What to do?

  • Guelaguetza Considered the most important local celebration, it takes place in July, when more than 70 thousand visitors come from all over the world to enjoy the traditional dances, music, and dresses of the local indigenous people.
  • Day of the Dead As in the rest of the country, it takes place on November 1st and 2nd each year. During this national celebration the cemeteries are full of people who bring flowers, candles, food, music, and offerings to spend a day with those loved ones that have already passed away.
  • Night of the Radishes Celebrated the night before Christmas Eve, this typical festivity consists on the exhibition of figurines finely elaborated with radishes that represent typical, political or religious characters and scenes.
Comida Típica

Typical Food

  • Tlayudas Very thin corn tortilla that is also very large in its circumference, which is fried in seasoned lard, and it is served with beans, lettuce and jerky beef.
  • Tamales Corn dough mixed with lard, and stuffed with pork meat or other kind of meat in a spicy green or red sauce, and finally wrapped up with banana leaves to be steamed. Don´t read it, just try it!
  • Mole sauce Delicious sauce prepared with different kinds of chili, peanuts and, even, chocolate. This unique sauce is served on top of rice and chicken or turkey meat. Oaxaca has developed more than ten varieties of this typical Mexican dish.
  • Chapulines Fried grasshoppers seasoned with garlic, salt, chili and lemon. A natural protein source that you are going to love!
  • Mezcal Alcoholic beverage distilled from a similar cactus where the tequila comes from.
¿Qué Saber?

What to Know?

  • The name Oaxaca comes from the word "Huaxyacac" which means "in the nose of the guajes" (a local plant that, because of its peculiar form and resistance, is used as bottle or jug to hold water.
  • It was founded in 1486 by Aztec soldiers that the emperor Ahuizotl sent to keep under control the local king of Zaachila, Cosijoeza.
  • On September 14th, 1526, Oaxaca was declared a village by the Conquistadors, and just six years later, on April 25th , 1532, it was upgraded to the level of town.
  • Renowned Individuals:
  • Benito Juárez (1806 – 1872) The so-called Meritorious of the Americas, actually was an indigenous shepherd who became a prestigious lawyer, Ministry of Justice and, later, President of Mexico since 1858 to 1872, when he had to defend the incipient Mexican Republic against the French Intervention that took place from 1862 to 1867.
  • Porfirio Díaz (1830 – 1915) Military strategist and hero during the French Intervention (1862- 1867), who was later President of Mexico since 1876 to 1911.
  • José Vasconcelos (1882 – 1959) Lawyer, politician, writer, educator and philosopher who was also, in the federal level, secretary of Public Education and candidate to the Presidency of Mexico.

Popular Craft

  • Textiles and embroideries
  • Pottery
  • Leather goods and handicrafts
  • Jewelry
  • Ceramics
Ciudad de Oaxaca

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Ciudad de Oaxaca

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