Dance and Music of Queretaro

Gestures beyond human

Among the dance treasures of Querétaro we can highlight the dance of the Shaja or the turtle, which takes place in the municipality of Tolimán; the dance of the Chialtecos; that of the Matlachines, which is accompanied by prehispanic instruments such as the chirimía and the teponaxtle; and that of the Huehuetl, all of them in the municipality of Amealco. The Huapangos and the Chichimeca dance are also danced in the state's highlands, accompanied by violins and tambora.

Queretaro is one of the states of the country that belongs to the vast region of La Huasteca, therefore, it shows strong influence in its music and its dances. The huapango is also typical of San Luis Potosí, Veracruz, Hidalgo, Tamaulipas and Oaxaca.

The huasteco trio is, by tradition, the group that interprets this genre and its instrumentation includes a violin, a guitar and the huasteca jarana. In Querétaro there are two important related events: the National Huapango Contest and the Huapango National Dance Contest.

Even so, the maximum manifestation of dance in this state is found in the famous and traditional dance of Los Concheros; a scenic performance that has been taking place for centuries, particularly during the feast of the Most Holy Cross of Miracles.

The dancers prepare their clothing, which consists of a plume of long feathers, maxtle, cape and chimalli made with maguey thread, colorful and striking; but the most important preparation is still spiritual, because dance is, above all, a sacred ceremony, communion with God.

After learning all this, it is easy to see why Querétaro is associated with dances with a deep attachment to religion, as well as a strong cultural syncretism that results in beauty and spectacularity.

¿Qué Visitar?

What to Visit?

  • Amealco We recommend visiting this site on February 2nd, the day of Candlemas and to see the Danza de las Pastoras.
  • Bernal To see the Danza de los Concheros you should go to Bernal on May 3rd, for the Santa Cruz Festival.
  • Tolimán If you are interested in seeing the Danza de la Shaja then you should visit the municipality of Tolimán.
¿Qué hacer?

What to do?

  • Holy Friday A very solemn religious celebration that includes the Procession of the Silence that takes place in the Historic Downtown that night.
  • Day of the Dead As in the rest of the country, it takes place on November 1st and 2nd each year. During this national celebration the cemeteries are full of people who bring flowers, candles, food, music, and offerings to spend a day with those loved ones that have already passed away.
¿Qué Saber?

What to Know?

  • The traditional dances and music of the region of Querétaro are intimately connected to the traditions of the Catholic Church and they are habitually presented around the date of the patron saint of each community.
  • In Amealco, on the occasion of the Candlemas you can take in the Danza de las Pastoras which accompanies the novena, the procession, and their respective popular festival.
  • The Danza de los Flachicos or as it is also known "Xitá"" has the function to set the stage for other dancers, and frequently their dances are accompanied by jokes and a whip.
  • The Danza de las Pastoras is held for agricultural ends as what they are looking for, through this dance, is that the seeds for the next seeding are blessed.
  • On December 12th, the day of the Virgen de Guadalupe, it is customary to see in Amealco the Danza de Flachicos, accompanied by a mass, a charrada, and finally the people’s fair. In Bernal the Danza de Concheros is customary along with the novena, an offering, and a fireworks display.
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