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Teotihuacán

FROM MEN TO GODS

The history of Teotihuacán begins around 600 b.c.e., when some of the small agricultural villages of the Valley of Mexico began to specialize in the elaboration of diverse products; This generated a great cultural and commercial effervescence that with the passing of the years, would motivate the influence of Teotihuacan culture to spread to all corners of Mesoamerica.

It is not known with certainty where the first inhabitants of Teotihuacán came from, but it is thought that they were Totonacs, Nahuas and Otomies. It is speculated that Teotihuacán was a cosmopolitan city in which diverse ethnic groups participated until reaching its development, this is supported by the fact that the city has found objects from other regions of Mesoamerica, such as the Gulf of Mexico, the region Maya and the central valleys of Oaxaca.

Its eventual abandonment and decadence is something that until now nobody has been able to explain. Apparently, it is due to a series of climatic, social and political factors that caused its fall towards the 8th century e. c.

The official translation of Teotihuacán, provided by the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) is: "where men become gods", but it is also called "The City of the Gods".

The now most visited archaeological zone of Mexico does not need further introduction, and when visiting it is possible to know a lot of its history and the discoveries that archaeologists and researchers have made over the years.

Since it has been studied repeatedly, the segmentation of the areas to visit is very marked. One of them is the Great Ensemble, an architectural site that is recently discovered. In this place was the great market of the city that, together with the space called Ciudadela, formed the commercial, administrative and religious center. Currently there is the parking lot, the museum, the market and the administrative offices.

The aforementioned Ciudadela is a huge square of around 400 meters; Here is one of the most impressive buildings in Teotihuacán: the Temple of Quetzalcoatl or the Feathered Serpent, a true wonder in which architecture, sculpture and painting are harmoniously integrated. When you leave the Citadel, you reach Calle de los Muertos.

It is a great avenue that runs from north to south, starting to the north, in the Plaza de la Pirámide de la Luna, and which will function as the main axis of the city. On this street you can see some flat sections and others with stairs, which cover the unevenness of the city and perhaps worked as stations for ritual processions.

There are also several palaces whose architecture intrigues and surprises: The Palace of the Plumed Snails, the Palace of the Jaguars and the Palace of Quetzalcoatl.

In spite of all the wonders that we have already described, Teotihuacán is recognized by two buildings that are now representative of all Mesoamerican cultures, as well as of the same Mexican identity; the Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon.

The Pyramid of the Sun was built in honor of the god Huitzilopochtli; It has 364 steps to reach the top of its 64 meters in height. The view from above is absolutely inspiring and from there you can see the Causeway of the Dead, the Pyramid of the Moon and the House of the Priest, where it is believed that the priests of the Temple lived.

The Pyramid of the Moon is located near the Sun, although it is smaller. It is also one of the oldest buildings in Teotihuacán; Here was found a statue of the goddess of agriculture that archaeologists place in the early Toltec era.

If it was not enough to soak up such energy and mysticism with the visit, the great news is that the excavations and archaeological investigations continue to this day, so there is still the possibility of discovering many more things about this mythical ancient city

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