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Handicrafts of Veracruz

Remembrance of Beauty

Handicrafts, in addition to their function of adornment and utility, serve to remember places and privileged moments of our life. That is why those who visit Veracruz often return to their homes with some object molded by centuries of customs and customs.

The great wealth of Veracruz handicrafts is linked to the multiethnicity and multiculturalism of its population. The numerous ethnic groups living throughout the state make beautiful textile products. For example, in the area of ​​the Huasteca and in the Sierra de Zongolica, home of the macehuales indigenous, the waist loom is used to make blankets, jorongos, backpacks, rugs and canvases for mamali, which are a type of rebozo de hilaza white with embroidery on one of the ends. On the finished canvas, geometrical and floral figures are embroidered with gobelin stitch.

In the same way, there is a great tradition of making musical instruments: the violins, the requinto, the arpa jarocha, the guitara sexta, the stage, the tambourine, and all the instruments that give their sound so particular to the music of this state .

In Veracruz there are families that have been making decorative figures for generations, using wood, shells and sea snails as raw material. They are very varied: boats, masks, sailboats, necklaces, jewelry, bracelets and earrings. There are also objects that would not be associated with a typical craft, but they are, like piggy banks and those made with coconut bark.

The talent and dedication of the indigenous people of Veracruz is not limited to just this: the Nahuas of the north also produce pottery products, such as candlesticks, copaleros and toys, using sand from riverbanks, clays and calcareous rocks to elaborate their ceramics.

The ancient art of pottery played a determining role in all the ancient Mesoamerican cultures, and today in the communities of Huasteca and San Miguel Aguasuelos, ceramic objects are made for ritual use. They are covered with white and red earth. They are left in the shade to dry at room temperature, then put them to cook in the open air and then cover them with jonote wood, otate and nettle. This way the reminiscence of the pre-Hispanic pieces is saved, using the same techniques.

It has also developed cartonería, another ancestral art that today is used to decorate and elaborate the ritual offerings with amate paper and paper of china. This craft comes from the pre-Hispanic era: paper was produced in many regions of Mexico to make the codices. In the State of Veracruz, both Amate and Chinese paper are still used for ceremonial purposes.

When you have returned home, and observe the pieces that decorate it, take some time to contemplate the beauty and importance of manual labor and craft production. It is nothing less than the tangible reflection of the way of life in Veracruz, a way of valuing the past, to face the future.

Artesanías de Veracruz

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