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El Son Jarocho

Genius in improvisation

The Son Jarocho has its roots in the multiple influences coming from the temperament of the Spaniards, the African culture, the mestizos and the natives.

Being Veracruz closely linked to the Caribbean through the marine trade, during the Colony an important exchange of musical goods was generated: instruments, lyrical styles and cadences; everything became a community practice where whites, blacks and Indians congregated.

It was then that at the end of the 18th century, and the beginning of the 19th, the Son emerged, the result of the collective creation of peasants, sailors, soldiers, muleteers and cowboys, who printed their own local stamp on the tunes, melodies and dance structures, and literary

The instrumentation changes depending on the area of ​​the state in which it is heard: in the Port of Veracruz and adjacent areas the harp, the jaranas and the violin are used, in the area of ​​the Papaloapan the jaranas and the son or requintos are used; Towards the Túxtlas it is usual the small jarana or mosquito, and requintos of double rope. Finally, in the zone of the Isthmus, the jaranas are usually of big box and short arm and of very sharp sound, however, the guitars are of soft sound.

Something very important in relation to the instrumentation, is that this musical manifestation is intimately associated with the regional way of life.

Another outstanding feature of Son Jarocho is that, both in dance and singing, improvisation must prevail.

The women's clothing, called "traje de jarocha", is of Spanish origin and has evolved over time. It comes from the Papaloapan basin, it is elegant and beautiful, it causes admiring comments whenever it appears, and many people can assure that no other is taken with so much pride by the Veracruz women when the occasion comes.

The jarocha suit was inspired by the union of the three huastecas: the white blouse with smooth sleeveless fabric, the wide pleated skirt with hollow that reaches mid calf, and over the blouse, the garment called "Quesquene"; They were taken from the Huasteca potosina.

The mandil, the fan and the necklaces of the jarocha, are from the south of Veracruz and the fringes that take from the quesquene, from the huasteca of Tamaulipas. This beautiful suit is made in organza, gaza and organdy, in white or pastel.

The men's outfit consists of a guayabera with four rows of tucks at the back, four bags, a ranchero collar, a red handkerchief and a bandana knotted around the neck, white pants, a hat and white booties.

The "Son" is a combination of music, dance and poetry; but also an expression of identity in the vast area that encompasses the central-southern region of the state of Veracruz, which is projected to all the senses.

Galería - El son jarocho

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El Son Jarocho

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