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Chichen Itza, whose name means "mouth of the water sorcerers' well" is one of the most famous archaeological sites in Mexico; a legendary city surrounded by mystery and magic.
To enter is go back in time to the Mayan world, is to find countless stories in each step and journey, where men, women and children lived under the protection of Kukulkan and the gods who watched his day to day.
Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 1988 and Wonder of the World in 2007, Chichén Itzá is one of the tourist destinations par excellence for anyone who finds in history and archeology, in landscape and legend, a motif of evisit that will keep in your memory and invite you to return again and again.
The most impressive work is the pyramid of Kukulkan, the feathered serpent, which, during the spring and autumn equinoxes, creates the appearance of a snake that gradually descends one of the pyramid stairs thanks to an ingenious projection game by the sunlight.
This pyramid which also receives the name of "the castle", has nine levels or bases, four main facades, each with a central stairway; and an upper platform topped by a temple.
Chichén Itzá is full of symbolic constructions, full of astronomical and mysterious meanings. An example is the largest prehispanic ball field in Mesoamerica. With 168 meters in length, limited to the sides by high walls where are embedded stone rings with reliefs of intertwined snakes and at the ends by small temples. It is a place where players literally gave up their lives.
Another is the observatory "El Caracol", where the movement of the stars was followed. Inside, there are small openings directed to the cardinal points and astronomical points of importance, strengthen the notion of the Mayas as astronomers par excellence.
There is also the Temple of the Warriors, also known as the Group of the Thousand Columns, by the rows of columns and pillars that the temple has in front and on one side of it.
The Sacred Cenote is another area that you can not miss. In this cenote, which measures 60 meters in diameter, offerings were made to the god Chaac, Lord of the rains. Noble maidens were sacrificed in his honor, as well as high-ranking prisoners, also as a religious offering.
At the beginning of the 20th century a North American consul, whose greed was awakened when he learned about the offerings rich in gold and stones that were made, dredged the cenote and extracted numerous objects that he sent to his country to sell them, mainly to the Peabody Museum of Massachusets, which in 1970 first, and in 2008, afterwards, a good number of the invaluable archeological pieces returned to Mexico.
Recently, Mexican archaeologists have also found pieces of jade, obsidian knives, gems, precious stones, treasures and skeletons; however, it is estimated that the cenote has not been thoroughly explored.
To know Chichén Itzá is getting into the magic of the sacred city, to perceive the contrasts of the green of the vegetation, the blue and emerald of the cenotes of crystalline waters with the Mayan urbanism. It is go through the imperial city, where architecture, science, religion and the splendor of a culture that has always contributed to our vision of the world today converge.
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